Learn 4 styles of negative self-talk (The Worrier, The Critic, The Victim, The Perfectionist) and learn 12 common cognitive distortions (example: Mind Reading, All or Nothing, Jumping to Conclusions, Emotional Reasoning, etc). Introduce a list of positive affirmations and create your own.
Help student identify faulty thinking that is often false
Negative thoughts result in negative emotions, which leads to more tension, thus worsening the stutter
Helps show student what they ARE in control of which is their thoughts, gives them some control even if they can’t always control their stuttering
Identifying and countering negative thoughts results in resilience