Conversations (Older Group) FREE ACCESS

Language serves may different purposes. We can use language to greet our friends and family, to inform others about things, to ask or request for something, or to make a demand. It is critical that we are able to adapt our conversations to the purpose of the conversation and to meet the needs of the listen/conversational partner. For example, you will speak differently to your sister than you do to your teacher, and you will speak louder at recess or lunch than during class time. You will also respond to your listener’s facial expressions and comments and if they show disinterest or confusion, you will follow up to make sure that they are listening and/or understanding what you are saying. Additionally, there are unspoken rules of conversation that need to be followed. For example, we engage in eye contact, turn-taking, use appropriate volume, do not interrupt, and we respond to our conversational partner’s facial expressions, comments and/or questions. Sometimes, these unspoken rules are not so easy for all students and the rules have to be explained. During this topic, students will work on identifying/understanding situations where conversation needs to be adapted to meet the needs of the listener. This topic is suggested to be targeted for two weeks. Below, you will find is a suggested sequence to follow.

Week 1

Step 1: Peer Mentored Video

Students and clinician will view a peer-mentored video titled, “Dolphin Conversation.” After viewing this video, the clinician and student engage in discussion with questions. Questions may include, “What went right? What went wrong? What could have been done instead? Let’s role play this scenario correctly.”

Step 2: Visual Bombardment Video (#1)

Next, students will be visually bombarded with facial expressions such as confused, interested, and active listening. It is important we are able to read other’s faces in order to understand when someone is following along with our conversation or if someone needs clarification. If a person appears confused, we can ask, “Does that make sense?” or offer further explanation. If a person appears to be listening and interested, the speaker knows that the listener cares about what he/she is saying.

Step 3: Selfie Time and Back Channeling

Now it is time to practice facial expressions. Using a camera, smartphone, and/or mirror, have students practice how they would express confusion, interest, and active listening. Take selfies with the student and show how you would change your facial expression to indicate confusion, interest, and listening. Focus on eyebrow movement and mouth movement.

Clinician and students may also choose to practice back channeling. Back channeling is non-verbal and verbal feedback which a listener gives to a speaker to show that they are following along and understanding what the speaker is trying to communicate. Back channeling may include head nods, facial expressions, and phrases such as, “Okay,” “Yes,” “That makes sense,” “Wow,” “Uh-huh,” and “Wow.”

Step 4: Practice Videos and Role Playing

Clinician and students will view two practice videos titled, “City,” ” Expansion Pack”, “First Day” and “Science Project.” After viewing this practice video, the clinician and student will engage in discussion with questions. Questions may include, “What went right? What went wrong? What could have been done instead? Let’s role play this scenario correctly.”

Note: It can be very helpful to video tape students when role playing and then have students watch and rate themselves. (Remember to obtain written parental consent before incorporating photos/videos).

City

Expansion Pack

First Day

Science Project

Week 2

Step 1: Visual Bombardment Video (#2)

Review Concepts. Week two begins with a review of the previously learned concepts. Conversational adaptation will be discussed. Next, students will be visually bombarded with facial expressions such as boredom, uninterested, and talking over a friend. It is important we are able to read other’s faces in order to understand when someone is interested in what we are saying. If a person appears uninterested in a topic or not paying attention, it is important we understand these cues so we can get their attention back or change the topic/conversation.

Step 2: Selfie Time and Back Channeling

Now it is time to practice facial expressions. Using a camera, smartphone, and/or mirror, have students practice how they would express boredom, disinterest and how they would react to someone talking over someone else in a conversation. Take selfies with the student and show how you would change your facial expression to indicate these emotions. Focus on eyebrow movement and mouth movement. Review back channeling and the importance of providing feedback during conversation. It is important to let our conversational partner know we are listening and interested.

Step 3: Practice Videos and Role Plays

Students and clinician view four practice videos titled, “Introductions,” “Superhero Movie,” “Science,” and “Weekend Talk.” During these videos, how to start a conversation and make friends will be discussed. Students will also demonstrate the understanding of the importance of allowing friends to speak and finish their thoughts. Interruptions will also be addressed. After viewing this practice video, the clinician and student will engage in discussion with questions. Questions may include, “What went right? What went wrong? What could have been done instead? Let’s role play this scenario correctly.”

Introductions

Superhero Movie

Science

Weekend Talk

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